Australian Competition Tribunal authorises ANZ’s proposed acquisition of Suncorp Bank

The ACCC notes the Australian Competition Tribunal’s determination at present to grant authorisation for ANZ’s proposed acquisition of Suncorp’s banking enterprise.

The Tribunal’s determination units apart the ACCC’s earlier determination to not grant authorisation for the proposed acquisition. The Tribunal is the assessment physique for authorisation selections made by the ACCC. 

On 4 August 2023 the ACCC mentioned it could  not authorise the proposed acquisition , as a result of it was not happy the transaction wouldn’t end in a considerable lessening of competitors within the provide of dwelling loans nationally, small to medium enterprise banking in Queensland, and agribusiness banking in Queensland, and that the claimed public advantages didn’t outweigh the doubtless public detriment.

The ACCC was involved that the proposed acquisition of Suncorp Bank by ANZ would additional entrench an oligopoly market construction that’s dominated by the 4 main banks.

Based on its assessment of the fabric earlier than the ACCC, and a few restricted new info, the Tribunal has concluded that it’s happy that the transaction wouldn’t end in a considerable lessening of competitors in any related market.

The Tribunal discovered many of the general public advantages claimed by ANZ and Suncorp have been both not public advantages or weren’t particular to the proposed acquisition. However, the Tribunal discovered that any detriments from the acquisition have been unsure and unlikely to outweigh the mixing advantages.

“The ACCC notes the decision and will reflect on it. The Tribunal’s decision demonstrates the checks and balances of an administrative merger approval process.” ACCC Chair Cass-Gottlieb mentioned.

“The Tribunal made findings on fundamental matters that informed our concerns, including that the national market for home loans is currently conducive to coordination and that material barriers to entry and expansion remain. However, the Tribunal didn’t consider that the proposed acquisition would meaningfully impact on the likelihood of coordination.”

“Banking markets are essential for a lot of owners, companies and farmers. The ACCC will proceed to use scrutiny to those markets throughout the breadth of our features together with merger assessments and enforcement investigations,” Ms Cass-Gottlieb mentioned.


On 2 December 2022, the ACCC obtained an software for merger authorisation from ANZ in relation to its proposal to amass Suncorp Bank.

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During the interval of its assessment the ACCC gathered and examined a considerable physique of proof together with roughly 200,000 paperwork, evaluation of related banking information and performed 10 obligatory interviews with financial institution executives. That proof was introduced earlier than the Tribunal. The Tribunal commented that it had a really substantial amount of info, paperwork and proof positioned earlier than it.

The ACCC issued a assertion of preliminary views on 4 April 2023.

On 4 August 2023, the ACCC denied authorisation for ANZ to amass Suncorp Bank.

On 25 August 2023, ANZ and Suncorp utilized to The Australian Competition Tribunal for assessment of the ACCC’s willpower underneath part 101 of the Competition and Consumer Act.

In such a assessment, the Tribunal could affirm, fluctuate or put aside the ACCC’s willpower. The position of the ACCC on this assessment was to help the Tribunal.

The Tribunal is a assessment physique. A assessment by the Tribunal is a re-consideration of a matter.

The Tribunal has jurisdiction underneath the Competition and Consumer Act to listen to a range of purposes, together with critiques of determinations of the ACCC granting or refusing authorisation for firm mergers and acquisitions.

In conducting its assessment, the Tribunal applies the identical ‘authorisation test’ because the ACCC and is usually restricted to the data which was earlier than the ACCC.

Under the Competition and Consumer Act, the Tribunal should not grant authorisation except it’s happy, in all of the circumstances, that both (1) the conduct wouldn’t have the impact or be prone to have the impact of considerably lessening competitors; or (2) the conduct would consequence or be prone to end in a profit to the general public, and the profit would outweigh the detriment to the general public that will consequence or be prone to consequence.

Authorisation offers statutory safety from courtroom motion for conduct which may in any other case be in breach of the competitors provisions of the Competition and Consumer Act, together with part 50 which prohibits acquisitions that are prone to considerably reduce competitors.

The Full Federal Court of Australia can hear appeals from the Australian Competition Tribunal in restricted circumstances.

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